Basic beliefs of Muslims :
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Belief in One God
Muslims believe there is only one God. The Arabic word for God is Allah. Arab Christians refer to God as Allah as well. This belief is the fundamental basis of all other beliefs and practices in Islam, and is in the heart of every Muslim. The declaration of faith (the first pillar of Islam) is:
?I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except God
and Muhammad is His messenger"
This statement made by those who wish to become Muslim, reflects the essential nature of this belief.
There a several descriptions of Allah in the Qur'an:
?Allah! There is no God save Him
the Living, the Eternal
Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him.
Unto Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the Earth
Who is he that intercedes with Him save by His leave?
He knows that which is in front of them and that which is behind them, while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will
His throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He is never weary of preserving them
He is the most high, the Supreme (in glory).?
(Surah Al-Baqarah, Chapter 2 Verse 255)
From the descriptions in the Quran we know that:
A Muslim can directly approach Allah by praying and by reciting the Qur'an. These can be formal prayers (salah) or informal supplications (Dua). There is no need for intercession in Islam.
Belief in Angels
Muslims believe that angels have been created by Allah from light. They have no free will and fulfil certain functions in the service of Allah. They also worship Allah.
Some angels mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah;
Belief in all the Scriptures
Muslims believe that scriptures were sent to messengers throughout time. The books we know about are:
Muslims believe that each revelation was sent to confirm the message sent before and that the Qur?an, the final revelation, is the final, complete and unchangeable word of Allah. The Qur?an names the previous books and confirms that in their original forms they were the word of Allah, but have been destroyed or changed and added to over time. Previous texts were intended for a particular group of people or nation at a specific time. The Qur?an is for all people to the end of time.
?Read! In the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created. Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed blood. Read! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful. He Who taught (the use of) the Pen. Taught man that which he knew not..?
(Surah Al Alaq, Chapter 96 Verses 1-5)
Belief in all the Prophets
Adam: The first human created by Allah
(Jonah): Swallowed by a whale
(Noah): Built the Ark
Ibrahim (Abraham): Father of the Faiths ... read more
Ismail (Ishmael): Helped build the Ka?bah
Ishaaq (Issac): Son of Prophet Abraham and brother of Prophet Ishmael
Yusuf (Joseph): Had the ability to interpret dreams
Dawud (David): Fought Goliath (Jaalut), given the psalms
Musa (Moses): Freed the children of Israel from the Pharaoh; given the Torah
Isa (Jesus): Given the Gospel
Muhammad: The last and final messenger, the seal of the Prophets; given the Qur'an.
Peace be upon them all.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) - Brief Introduction
Belief in the Day of Judgement
Muslims believe that after the world ends every being from the beginning of our existence will be resurrected. Over this time each person will be judged regarding their actions during their lifetime. Good actions will be rewarded and bad actions punished, and the overall result will be in paradise or hell.
Muslims believe that Allah is the most Just in judging but is also the Most Merciful.
In the Qur?an it says:
?On that Day will men proceed in companies sorted out, to be shown the Deeds that they (had done). Then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good, see it! And anyone who has done an atom's weight of evil, shall see it..? (Surah al Zalzala,Chapter 99 Verses 7-9)
Belief in Predestination
Muslims believe that Allah is All Knowing and knows what is in the future for us and what has passed. He therefore knows what is going to happen, whether good or bad. This does not take away from the notion that each person has freewill to choose what to do, since a person?s choice is taken freely, unaffected by Allah?s prior knowledge of it.
Belief in Life after Death
Muslims believe that after death, and after the day of judgement the soul continues to exist. The life after death is eternal and will be spent in paradise or hell.
Some verses regarding paradise from the Qur?an:
?Now no person knows what delights of the eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them as a reward for their (good) Deeds.? (Surah As Sajda, Chapter 32 Verse 17)
?Allah has promised to Believers men and women Gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in Gardens of Eden. but the greatest bliss is in the good pleasure of Allah: that is the supreme felicity.? (Surah At Tawba, Chapter 9 Verse 72)