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  • There is a strong Islamic emphasis on the sanctity of all life which includes the foetus.
  • Termination of the foetus can be allowed in certain circumstances such as if the mother?s life is at risk.
  • Most scholars agree that termination in these conditions can occur before the soul has entered the foetus, although there are differing opinions as to when this occurs. Most agree that this is at 120 days of pregnancy.
  • Termination for social reasons (i.e. conception outside of marriage in a consenting relationship) is not allowed.




  • Many traditions of the Prophet praise the virtues of marriage, procreation and large family size.
  • There is division among Muslim opinion on the use of contraception. A minority argue that it is prohibited whilst the majority of scholars advise that it is allowed but discouraged.




  • Male circumcision is highly recommended to Muslims as it is to those of the Jewish faith.
  • Circumcision is advised for hygiene purposes to avoid soiling from small amounts of urine held in the foreskin. This is especially important for an adult male Muslim who is praying, as urine soiling the clothes would invalidate the prayer.
  • It is also advised for health preventative reasons, and although these weren?t specified by the Prophet, medical research has now shown that male circumcision reduces the incidence of penile cancers and reduces the chance of contracting HIV from sexual intercourse.
  • Female circumcision and female genital mutilation (FGM) is not an Islamic practice. FGM is most widespread in parts of Africa and it is a custom that predates Christianity and Islam in these regions.


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