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Common Origins

Common Origins of Judaism, Christianity and Islam



One Revelation

  • Muslims believe that God has sent only one message to humans.  This single message was revealed over time to different Prophets.
  • The original, unchanged revelations given to Prophet Abraham (pbuh) and other prophets reaching back to Adam (pbuh) all came from the One True God.
  • This common origin explains the similarities in many beliefs and values.  

 

Muslim view of Prophet Abraham (pbuh)

  • Prophet Abraham (pbuh), known as Ibrahim is mentioned in the Qur'an as one of the great Prophets and was honoured with the title, "Friend of God."
  •  Abraham (pbuh) and his eldest son, Ishmael (pbuh), were commanded by God to build a place of worship, the Ka'bah, in what is today the city of Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
  • The Ka'bah is a simple stone construction erected as a sanctuary for the worship of the One God.
  • The Qur'an states that God commanded Abraham to summon all humankind to visit this place, and when pilgrims go there today they say "At your service, O Lord," in response to Abraham's call.
  • The Ka'bah is the central place of worship toward which all Muslims face in prayer.
  • Abraham (pbuh) is considered to be the origin of the 3 monotheistic faiths. Abraham?s son Isaac (pbuh) being the ancestor of Moses (pbuh) and Jesus (pbuh), and his son Ismail (pbuh) being the ancestor of Muhammad (pbuh).  

Muslim view of Prophet Moses (pbuh)

  • The Prophet Moses (pbuh), known as Musa by Muslims, is considered a significant Prophet in Islam.
  • He is given the title of ?Kalim ullah? meaning ?He who spoke with God?.
  • He is the most frequently mentioned Prophet in the Qur?an; his name is referred to in 34 different surahs (chapters).
  • There is extensive information about the life of Moses (pbuh) in three of the largest surahs of the Quran (al-A'raf, Ta Ha, and al-Qasas). All these verses offer detailed accounts of his birth and childhood, his difficulties with Pharaoh, and his struggle in communicating the message to his people.
  • His courage under the most difficult of circumstances is presented with the intention of being an example to people.
  •  Jewish people are referred to in the Quran as ?The People of the Book.?  

Muslim view of Prophet Jesus (pbuh)

  • Muslims respect and revere Jesus (pbuh) (known as Isa). They consider him one of the greatest of God's prophets and messengers to humankind.
  • A Muslim never refers to him simply as "Jesus", but always adds the phrase "upon him be peace."  

Jesus in the Qur'an

  • The Qur'an confirms his immaculate conception, and a special chapter of the Qur'an is entitled "Mary."
  • The Qur'an describes the Annunciation as follows:

    "'Behold (O Mary!)' The Angel said, 'God has chosen you, and purified you, and chosen you above the women of all nations. O Mary, God gives you good news of a word from Him, whose name shall be the Anointed (Masih or Messiah), Jesus son of Mary, honoured in this world and in the hereafter, and one of those brought near to God. He shall speak to the people from his cradle and in maturity, and shall be of the righteous.' "She said: 'O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me?' He said: 'Even so; God creates what He wills. When He decrees a thing, He says to it, "Be!" and it is.'" (Surah Al Imran, Chapter 3 Verses 42-7)  

The birth of Jesus


Jesus (pbuh) was born miraculously through the same power that had brought Adam into being without a father: "Truly the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust and then said to him, 'Be!' and he was." (Qur'an Surah Al Imran, Chapter 3 Verse 59).

The mission


During his prophetic mission, Jesus (pbuh) performed many miracles. The Qur'an tells us that he said:

"I have come to you with a sign from your Lord: I make for you out of clay, as it were, a figure of a bird, and breathe into it and it becomes a bird by God's leave. And I heal the blind, and the lepers, and I raise the dead by God's leave." (Surah Al Imran, Chapter 3 Verse 49)

The ascension to heaven

 
In contrast to Christianity, Islam teaches that Jesus (pbuh) was not crucified but was taken by God alive and ascended to Heaven. This is described in the Qur'an:

?And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, the messenger of God; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Jesus) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure. Nay! God took him up to Himself; and God is Mighty, Wise.? (Surah An Nisa, Chapter 4 Verse 157)  

The same message as Islam

  • Neither Muhammad (pbuh) nor Jesus (pbuh) came to change the basic doctrine of the belief in One God, brought by earlier prophets, but to confirm and renew it. In the Qur'an, Jesus (pbuh) is stated as saying that he came:

    "To attest the law, which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God and obey me." (Qur'an Surah Al Imran, Chapter 3 Verse 50)
  • The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said: "Whoever believes that there is none worthy of worship but God, alone without partner, that Muhammad is His messenger, that Jesus is the servant and messenger of God, His word which He bestowed on Mary and a spirit proceeding from Him, and that Paradise and Hell are true, shall be received by God into Heaven."
  • In the Qur'an, Christians are referred to as ?The People of the Book?



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